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Gynecologic Cancer

Gynecologic Cancer Stages, Prognosis, and Causes

An estimated 82,000 new gynecologic cancer cases are diagnosed every year in the United States.

It's important to know the warning signs and risks of gynecologic cancers and to see your doctor for regular exams and Pap tests.

Risk factors, warning signs, and protective measures are different among each of the gynecologic cancers. We cover the three most common: ovarian, uterine, and cervical cancers.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is the most serious of the gynecologic cancers. It affects nearly 25,000 women in the United States each year.

Risk factors may include:

Symptoms of ovarian cancer, particularly in the early stages, often are not acute or intense. When they do appear, the cancer is often in an advanced stage.

Ovarian cancer symptoms and warning signs may include:

Some protective measures may reduce your risk of developing ovarian cancer.

Protective measures may include:

Uterine Cancer

Uterine (or endometrial) cancer is the most common of the gynecologic cancers, with more than 40,000 new cases per year.

Risk factors may include:

Symptoms and warning signs of uterine cancer may include:

Some protective measures may reduce your risk of developing uterine cancer.

Protective measures may include:

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the only gynecologic cancer that has screening tests. When detected early, treatment is usually successful.

Risk factors may include:

There are usually no symptoms or signs of early cervical cancer. The best ways to detect early stages of cervical cancer are regular pelvic exams and Pap tests.

Some protective measures may reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer.

Protective measures may include:

Find out more about cervical cancer.

Less Common Types of Gynecologic Cancers

Less common types of gynecologic cancers include:

Diagnosing Gynecologic Cancers

Tests and procedures to diagnose gynecologic cancers include: