Prostate and Urologic Cancers

Prostate Cancer Prognosis, Signs, Causes, and Diagnosis

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. Each year, approximately 192,280 new prostate cancers were diagnosed in the United States.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor of the prostate gland, a walnut-sized organ located in front of a man's rectum and below the bladder.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase prostate cancer risk:

Diagnosis and Staging

Diagnosing and determining the stage and type of urologic cancers is essential for developing effective treatment strategies.

Patient assessments may include a digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. While these tests may indicate a problem with the prostate, further testing to detect cancer also may include a transrectal ultrasound and transrectal biopsy.

Other diagnostic tests may include:

Learn more about diagnostic tests used to diagnose and stage urologic cancers:

More about Prostate Cancer

Learn more about prostate cancer from the National Cancer Institute.